Leg Vein Occlusion:
• Percutaneous Tumor Ablation
• Transarterial Chemo Embolization (TACE)
• Transarterial Radio Embolisation (TARE)
• Celiac Plexus Blockage
Carotic Artery Treatments(Jugular Vein Treatments):
Pelvic Congestion Treatment:
Non-Operative Treatment Of Ulteric Myoma (Uterine Fibroid Embolisations):
• Digestive System Treatments:
Interventional radiology is an emerging subspecialty which provides minimal surgical procedures under imaging guidance (angiography, computerized tomography or ultrasonography) and without open surgery and operating room.
Interventional radiologists using special needles, tubes and wires, target different diseases at different organs navigating inside the vessels or directly percutaneously.
Interventional procedures carried out are summarized as following:
Sampling of different organs safe and efficiently for diagnosis.
Removing of fluid collections like, acites, bile, cysts, abscess, etc in body parts.
Arterial or venous stenosis/occlusions can be opened with stents and baloons in other organs similiar to heart vessels. Sometimes interventional radiologists may aim to close the vessels which may cause hemorrhage for eg. in lung, intestines etc. Vascular malformations and varices which may pose may cause serious health complications along cosmetic problems are also managed endovascularly.
Many tumors canbe treated by heating, freezing or chemical ablative methods. Another standart therapy which is mostly used in primer and metastatic liver tumors is blocking of the tumor vessels using bland particles (embolization) or chemotherapic agents (chemoembolization) or radioactive isotopes (radioembolization).
Acute stroke can be treated angiographically by removing the clot in brain vessels, if diagnosed within 6 hours. Besides one of the most lifethreatining and debilitating problem that caused by cerebral aneurysms – related brain hemorrhage managed with interventional neuroembolization therapy
Embolization means blocking of the vessels, this idea can be used by interventional radiologist to treat the abnormal vessels, aneurysms, tumor, trauma etc. with particles, coils, liquid agents or even stents. Ballooning of arteries supplying different organs may cause life-threatening bleeding, this is especially true for cerebral aneurysms because brain is in a closed box, if left untreated.
Radioembolization is similar to chemoembolization, as it starts with inserting a catheter through groin up to the vessels feeding the tumor in the liver. Here, radioactive microspheres (Ytrium-90) are delivered to liver tumors angiographically. This treatment permits a high dose of radiation inside tumors on the other hand, nearby healthy tissue receives minimal radiation.